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City of Thailand Map: Main Cities of Thailand

Thailand is one of the most popular destinations in Southeast Asia for tourists from around the world, and has been named as the top tourist destination for European tourists. It is a country of varying climates and weather systems. Traveling to Thailand can actually be done throughout the year, if you choose your destinations carefully.

And with many wonderful cities to visit across the country, not just the stunning beaches, there are opportunities to learn more about the local Thai culture. Explore narrow alleys and canals in the back-streets of several cities, and find the most remote and authentic cities in the country for your amazing Thailand tour.

Main Cities of Thailand & the Location Map

Thailand is not just a country of varying climates, but it also has a variety of landscapes, from the mountainous north to the plains of central Thailand and the narrow isthmus of the south, with its small ridge of mountains. The country also has more than 1,400 small islands off its coastline, which lies in both the Gulf of Thailand and the Andaman Sea.

Extending from the 20th parallel in the north to as far down as the 5th parallel in the south, Thailand stretches from just below the Tropic of Cancer in the north to slightly above the Equator, covering around 15 degrees of latitude from north to south.

With Myanmar to the west and northwest, Laos to the northeast, east, and southeast, and the Gulf of Thailand to the south, Malaysia along the southernmost border of the isthmus, Thailand borders only three countries, and has one of the longest coastlines in Southeast Asia, with the most beaches.

Main cities of Thailand

The capital city: Bangkok
As one of the most popular cities to visit in Thailand, the national capital of Bangkok is also one of the most remarkable cities in the world.

Skyscrapers dominate the skyline and stunning local markets can be found throughout the city, while sparkling gilded Buddhist temples can be found on every street corner and the ancient buildings lie side by side with modern architecture.

On top of the beauty of the city, Bangkok has the most sumptuous and buzzing nightlife around the world, and the unique Thai cuisine in Bangkok is available in thousands of restaurants.

The glowing Grand Palace in Bangkok

The second largest city of Thailand: Chiang Mai
Chiang Mai is the second largest city of Thailand and it's in the north. It has a population of approximately 1.76 million people which ranked number five in the country. It used to be the capital of the Lanna Kingdom.

Containing more than 300 temples, Chiang Mai, the “northern capital”, is also one of the coolest places to visit in Thailand. A charming and laid-back city, Chiang Mai is the perfect contrast to Bangkok, and ideal for relaxing and taking in the local northern culture.

The famous Buddhist temple of Wat Phrathat Doi Suthep sits on the hilltop just outside the city, and gives a fantastic view over the whole area.

Other main cities of Thailand

Lying just outside the capital of Bangkok, Ayutthaya is one of the most historic cities in Thailand, and was once the largest city in the world, back in the 17th century.

While much of the ancient city was destroyed, enough remains to gaze in awe and wonder at the structures that hint of Ayutthaya’s rich and lucrative past. And once you have had your fill of ancient Buddhist temples, head off to the floating markets and do your shopping by boat.

Visit Thailand Ayutthaya ancient Buddhist temples
Visit Thailand Ayutthaya ancient Buddhist temples

Chiang Rai
Located in the far north of Thailand, Chiang Rai is most famous for the breathtakingly beautiful sight of the famous White Temple. The city is often used as a base for exploring the north of the country, especially the area of the Golden Triangle.

Chiang Rai has a strange past, and the Opium Museum in the city explains the role of the plant that was grown in massive quantities in the past to export around the world as one of history’s most prolific narcotics.

Chiang Rai White Temple
Visit Thailand Chiang Rai White Temple

Made famous around the world by the Film “Bridge over the River Kwai”, which showed the horrors of the POWs and locals that dies constructing Japan’s Death Railway, Kanchanaburi is actually a beautiful city set in lush green surroundings.

The breathtaking scenery of the area is popular with trekkers that come to hike in the hills, and the nearby Erawan Park is a stunning place to visit, with the Erawan and Sai Yok Noi waterfalls are spectacular sights to behold.

Visit Thailand Kanchanaburi Sai Yok Noi waterfalls
Visit Thailand Kanchanaburi Sai Yok Noi waterfalls

Once the most popular beach resort with American soldiers stationed in Bangkok during the Vietnam War, Pattaya is not for everyone, with go-go bars, massage parlors with added extras, and the inimitable sex trade being the main draw for most travelers.

However, with some of the sex trade in the city now being cleaned up, it is once again a delightful place to spend at the beaches that lie close by the city, with a wide range of watersports and shopping centers for more normal tourists.

Enjoy Pattaya Beach in Thailand
Enjoy Pattaya Beach in Thailand

Nakhon Ratchasima
Locally referred to as “Korat”, this lively city is filled with expansive markets, small street stalls, and little else. However, the nearby Khao Yai National Park is a great place to visit, and is home to a variety of local species, including Asian elephants, monitor lizards, gibbons, and a lot more.

Stunning scenery and expansive hiking trails also make this a great place to spend a few days, and the Phimai ruins nearby are reminiscent of Cambodia’s Angkor Wat in style and design.

Elephants in Thailand
Visit Elephants in Thailand Khao Yai National Park

Once the capital of ancient Siam, Sukhothai sits with a wealth of historical sites on its doorstep. There is little to see in the city itself, though it is a laid back and relaxing place to visit.

Most of the ruins of the ancient capital lies in the Sukhothai Historical Park, where archaeological sites show ruins that date back to the 13th and 14th centuries, which has often been referred to as the golden age of Thai civilization.

Sukhothai historical park

Surat Thani
Located on the southern coast, on the Gulf of Thailand, Surat Thani is the gateway to many of the beautiful islands that lie in the shining azure waters of the Gulf. From here, most tourists travel to the islands of Koh Samui, Koh Phangan and Koh Tao, which are the more popular of the local islands.

However, while most people pass through on the way to the stunning island beaches, the town itself has plenty of bustling markets and an authentic traditional Thai feel that makes it an interesting place to explore.

Visit Thailand Surat Thani
Visit Thailand Surat Thani

Krabi Town
Possibly the smallest city in Thailand, Krabi Town is one of the most authentic destinations in the country for traditional Thai culture and artifacts. The local night markets sell a huge variety of local crafts, and the small back streets are filled with massage parlors, which only give massages and spa treatments.

Outside the town is the glittering Tiger Temple, there sets on a high hilltops with amazing views of the surrounding countryside.

Main Tourism Cities of Thailand & the Location Map

After knowing the main cities of Thailand, the most important thing for us tourists is to know the best place to have your Thailand tours. Do not worry, because in the following text, we will list the most famous cities to spend your holidays in Thailand. Just read on!

Main tourism cities in Thailand

Those are the most popular cities in Thailand for its beauty and charm:
Bangkok: Thailand’s vibrant capital, blending tradition and modernity. Go to visit the historic Grand Palace and ornate temples like Wat Pho, and experience the lively street markets. Don't miss the delicious street food and the tranquil canals that wind through the city.
Chiang Mai: In the northern mountains of Thailand, Chiang Mai is a charming city known for its rich culture and thriving arts scene. It's a hub for Thai handicrafts. Here are ancient temples like Wat Phra Singh, and you can trek through lush jungles, and participate in cultural festivals.
Phuket: Phuket, as Thailand's largest island, is a tropical paradise renowned for its stunning beaches, electrifying nightlife, and mouthwatering seafood. Whether you seek relaxation on the white sands, adventure in the clear waters, or vibrant entertainment in Patong Beach, Phuket has it all!
Koh Samui: Koh Samui is a picturesque island situated in the Gulf of Thailand. From pristine beaches like Chaweng and Lamai to lush waterfalls, the natural beauty here is unparalleled. Remember to explore historic temples, quaint villages, and rejuvenate at world-class wellness spas. Read more on why is Thailand so popular.

If you prefer more quiet surroundings with lesser visitors, you can choose these cities or towns below:
Chiang Rai: Chiang Rai is a city that boasts the ethereal White Temple and the enchanting Blue Temple. These architectural marvels are adorned with intricate details and vibrant colors, making them must-visit destinations for art and spirituality enthusiasts.
Pai: Pai is a hidden gem known for its idyllic natural scenery and laid-back bohemian vibe. It's a haven for outdoor enthusiasts and those seeking a peaceful retreat from the bustling cities.
Sukhothai: Sukhothai was the political and administrative capital of the first Kingdom of Siam. Sukhothai Historical Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site, is where you can wander amidst ancient ruins, marvel at intricately crafted Buddha statues, and gain insight into Thailand's rich heritage!
Kamphaeng Phet: Kamphaeng Phet is an integral part of the UNESCO World Heritage site that includes Sukhothai and Si Satchanalai. Follow us to visit the well-preserved city walls and moats, ancient temples, and archaeological sites! 

How to Travel among the Cities in Thailand

Compared to other countries in Southeast Asia, Thailand has a well-maintained transport system. From the very north to the South, Thai landscape embraces with jungle and shoreline. Fortunately, there are many options for you to refer to here, let's see which one you most admire!

Plane: The fastest way to traverse long distances in Thailand, but often comes at the biggest cost. It is Ideal for those with limited time.
Train: Trains in Thailand offer good value for money and provide travelers with enchanting landscapes along the way. It's a scenic and budget-friendly choice for exploring the country.
Bus: Thailand offers a wide variety of bus routes that can be faster than taking a train, especially for shorter distances. Buses are a convenient option for flexible travel.
Tuk-tuk: A fun and iconic way to get around Thailand's cities, tuk-tuks are three-wheeled vehicles that add a touch of adventure to your journey. Negotiate the fare with the driver for a unique experience.
Metro and skytrain: In Bangkok, the metro and skytrain systems are the first choice for getting around the city efficiently. They provide easy access to many of the city's popular sites and are a great way to beat traffic.
Ferry and boat: When you want to reach pristine beaches from the airport or explore islands, hopping on a ferry or boat is the way to go. It's a scenic and enjoyable way to start your beach vacation.

Tips to travel around the cities:
Secure your belongings!
Emergency Numbers: 191 for police, 199 for fire, 1669 for tourist police.
Try Pad Thai, a stir-fried traditional noodle dish with shrimp, chicken, tofu, etc.
Don’t cram your schedule in Thailand. Learn to relax and enjoy every moment!


A tour of the main cities alone can be a long and exciting time, and for those with a love of Thailand’s long and varied history, these major cities tell the story in their own way, in terms of ancient architecture, long-lost civilizations, exciting cuisines, and traditional cultures.

While you can explore all the beaches in Thailand, you will not find the excitement that comes with exploring the back alleys of Bangkok, or the museums of Kanchanaburi, or trekking in the hills above Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai, for that ultimate feeling of awesome adventure that few places in the world bring to you as well as Thailand, the Land of Smiles.

Many more exciting attractions lie in the wondrous cities of Thailand, which are waiting for you to explore in the upcoming future. Now come and contact us to obtain the most cost-effective travel information!

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